As the school nurse working in a college health clinic, you see many opportunities to promote health. Maria Garcia is a 40-year-old Hispanic who is in her second year of nursing school. She complains of a 14-pound weight gain since starting school and is afraid of what this will do to both her appearance and health if the trend continues. After conducting her history, you learn that she is an excellent cook and she and her family love to eat foods that reflect their Hispanic heritage. She is married with two school-age children. She attends class a total of 15 hours per week, plus she must be present for 12 hours of labs and clinical. She maintains the household essentially by herself and does all the shopping, cooking, cleaning, and chauffeuring of the children. She states that she is lucky to get six hours of sleep per night, but that is okay with her. She lives one hour from campus and commutes each day. Use Healthy People 2020 as one reference source: http://www.healthpeople.gov
Healthy People 2020 focuses on various health objectives as discussed in your lesson. Wellness, policy, health promotion and preventing diseases are the primary focuses of this health initiative. Your lesson states "The goals include the following: eradication of preventable disease; reducing health disparities through a determinants of health approach by improving the holistic health of all groups of people; creation of environments to promote good health for all; and promotion of health development across all ages" (Healthy People 2020, 2010).
What would you think being in Maria's shoes?
How would you begin to work on one of Maria's health risks?
Can you identify what are her "real" versus "potential" health risks?
Why is Maria’s culture important when obtaining the health assessment?
Pick one of Maria’s health risks. What would be one reasonable short term goal for this risk?
What nursing interventions would you incorporate into Maria’s plan of care to assist her with meeting your chosen goal?
Please provide rationale for your selections.