Cops on the Front Lines; The First Defense Against a Strike, Foreign or Homegrown

Police have been told a group of terrorists has just launched a series of coordinated attacks targeting the L.A. subway system. We know that there are hostages, and there are reports of injuries, but most alarmingly, they have detected the presence of a device which appears to have dispersed some sort of chemical agent.

Watch the terrorism response simulation: Intense Counter-terrorism Training With L.A. County Sheriff’s Department – Crime Watch Daily and answer the following questions:

How many life-threatening situations are represented here?
Besides the Elite Counterterrorism Unit, what other teams/ agencies, more than likely, would be involved in this scenario? Explain.
Does your town/city have a terrorism response component? If so, how is it structured?

*Assignment Expectations
Length: This assignment should be at least 3 pages, not counting the title page and references.  Paper format: (a) Cover page, (b) Header, (c) Body. Including an Abstract page/opening. The abstract begins on a new page and includes the page header. The word Abstract (no bold, italics, underlining) is centered on the first line of the page.
On the next line begins a brief yet succinct summary (abstract) of the main points of the paper. The summary is a single double-spaced paragraph and is not indented. It is typically between 150 and 250 words and includes the research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. Please ensure to incorporate an introductory (different from abstract) and concluding paragraph.

References: At least two references should be included from academic sources (e.g. peer-reviewed journal articles). Required readings are included. Quoted material should not exceed 10% of the total paper (since the focus of these assignments is critical thinking). Use your own words and build on the ideas of others. When material is copied verbatim from external sources, it MUST be enclosed in quotes. The references should be cited within the text and also listed at the end of the assignment in the References section (preferably in APA format).

Organization: Subheadings should be used to organize your paper according to question.

Grammar and Spelling: While no points are deducted for minor errors, assignments are expected to adhere to standard guidelines of grammar, spelling, punctuation, and sentence syntax. Points may be deducted if grammar and spelling impact clarity.

The following items will be assessed in particular:

Relevance: All content is connected to the question.
Precision: Specific question is addressed. Statements, facts, and statistics are specific and accurate.
Depth of discussion: Present and integrate points that lead to deeper issues.
Breadth: Multiple perspectives and references, multiple issues and factors considered.
Evidence: Points are well-supported with facts, statistics and references.
Logic: Presented discussion makes sense, conclusions are logically supported by premises, statements, or factual information.
Clarity: Writing is concise, understandable, and contains sufficient detail or examples.
Objectivity: Avoid use of first person and subjective bias.

*Required Reading
Bjelopera, J. P. (2013, April 24). The Federal Bureau of Investigation and terrorism investigations. Congressional Research Service. Retrieved from

Department of Justice (n.d.). The USA PATRIOT Act: Preserving life and liberty. Retrieved from

National Response Framework (2019, October 28). FEMA. Retrieved from

Los Angeles Police Departments Counter-Terrorism and Criminal Intelligence Bureau (n. d.). Counter-Terrorism and Crime Fighting in Los Angeles. LAPDBLOG. Retrieved from

Congressional Research Service (2016, April 13). Surveillance of foreigners outside the United States under Section 702 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA). Retrieved from

McAdams, J. G. (2007), Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA): An overview, Federal Law Enforcement Training Center [Online ]. Retrieved from

*Required Websites
Joint Regional Intelligence Center (JRIC):

State and Major Urban Area Fusion Centers, DHS:

*Optional Reading
Liu, E. C., & Doyle, C. (2015). Government collection of private information: Background and issues related to the USA PATRIOT Act Reauthorization in brief. CRS. Retrieved from

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