Which of the following best describes the division of labor tasks found in Paleolithic

Which of the following best describes the division of labor tasks found in Paleolithic

QUESTION 1 Which of the following best describes the division of labor tasks found in Paleolithic societies? a. Specialists produced stone tools and weapons that were traded for food. b. Chiefs performed religious rituals for their communities. c. There were no divisions of labor tasks because everyone pitched in equally. d. Male and female tasks in these societies often differed sharply. 2 points QUESTION 2 Which of the following statements about the Agricultural Revolution is true? a. It occurred in several regions of Eurasia, but agriculture only reached the Americas when travelers brought the new techniques with them. b. It occurred in the Fertile Crescent and spread gradually as travelers took the newly developed agricultural techniques to other regions. c. It occurred independently in many widely scattered parts of the world. d. It occurred in sub-Saharan Africa and spread gradually as humans migrated to other parts of the earth. 2 points QUESTION 3 In what part of the world did Clovis culture flourish about 13,000 years ago? a. Europe b. North America c. Middle East d. South America 2 points QUESTION 4 Which of the following statements best describes the early political history of Egypt? a. Around 3100 B.C.E., several earlier states merged into a unified territory ruled by a single monarch. b. It included a dozen or more independent city-states with republican governments. c. Around 2350 B.C.E., several earlier states merged. d. It included a dozen or more independent city-states ruled by kings. 2 points QUESTION 5 Which of the following is true of slavery in the First Civilizations? a. While many slaves suffered under miserable conditions, no slaves were used as human sacrifices. b. The Indus Valley initially had fewer slaves than Mesopotamia. c. Ancient slavery was very similar to slavery in the Americas during recent centuries. d. Only Mesopotamia and Egypt had slaves. 2 points QUESTION 6 Which of the following statements best compares patriarchy in Egypt and Mesopotamia? a. While two very different patriarchal systems in practice, they were about equally restrictive. b. Mesopotamia afforded women far greater opportunities than Egypt. c. Egypt and Mesopotamia were very similar in their patriarchal systems, which were equally restrictive. d. Egypt afforded women far greater opportunities than Mesopotamia. 2 points QUESTION 7 Which of the following statements is true of Paleolithic societies’ relationship with the environment? a. Paleolithic societies utterly transformed the environment in which they lived. b. Paleolithic agriculture caused significant soil erosion. c. Paleolithic societies had a significant impact on the environment. d. Their numbers were so small and their needs so few that they had very little impact on the environment. 2 points QUESTION 8 Which human migration was the first to use boats to cross open waters? a. To North America b. To Australia c. To the Pacific Islands d. Humans did not use boats in their migrations. 2 points QUESTION 9 Which of the following statements best reflects the relationship between the state and literacy? a. Rulers of the First Civilizations attempted but failed to suppress literacy in tehri kingdoms. b. Rulers were able to strictly control its uses, which limited it during the period to administrative accounting purposes. c. While generally useful, on occasion it could prove threatening rather than support rulers. d. While useful for administrative accounting, states found few other uses for writing. 2 points QUESTION 10 Which of the following did archaeologists discover at the very early agricultural village in southern Turkey called Catal Huyuk? a. It was a remarkably large settlement with nearly 10,000 inhabitants at its height. b. The village revealed the presence of many specialized crafts and inherited social inequality. c. They buried their dead in their houses and built new ones on top of them. d. A female chief lived in an elaborate ceremonial house at its center. 2 points QUESTION 11 Which was the latest of the seven First Civilizations? a. Central Asian b. Sumer c. Olmec d. Indus Valley 2 points QUESTION 12 Who was Hatshepsut in Egyptian history? a. A powerful queen who ruled Egypt, sometimes portrayed in statues as a man. b. The pharaoh who granted women equal legal status to men. c. A slave who rose to be the Pharaoh’s wife. d. The female goddess who created the world. 2 points QUESTION 13 What name is given to Paleolithic figurines that depic the female form, often with exaggerated sexual features? a. Athena figurines b. Venus figurines c. Ishtar figurines d. Aphrodite figurines 2 points QUESTION 14 When did humans begin working with metals? a. In the Iron Age b. After the Agricultural Revolution was over and large towns had begun to grow c. In the Paleolithic Era d. At the time of the Agricultural Revolution 2 points QUESTION 15 What distinguished the lives of elite women from those of commoner women? a. Elite women were not defined through their relationship to a man. b. Commoner women were more able to participate in public life. c. Elite women were better able to participate in public life. d. Commoner women were not defined through their relationship to a man. 2 points QUESTION 16 In China under the Western Zhou (1046-771 B.C.E.) what could cause the an emperor to lose his Mandate from Heaven which legitimated his rule? a. Defeat in war b. Natural disasters c. Immoral behavior by his subjects d. Bad behavior by the emperor 2 points QUESTION 17 Which of the First Civilizations provided the most opportunities to women? a. Egypt b. Mesopotamia c. Norte Chico d. China 2 points QUESTION 18 A shift to which new technology occurred around 25,000 years ago? a. Compound tools made up of more than one part b. Iron smelting c. Miniaturization of stone tools d. Fishing hooks and nets 2 points QUESTION 19 Which of the following best reflects the situation in the Americas following the collapse of the Clovis culture around 13,000 years ago? a. Humans disappeared from the Americas for several centuries before another wave of migration across the Bering Strait. b. A new Polynesian people became the dominant culture in the archaeological record. c. A much greater diversity of cultures emerged. d. Humans disappeared from deserts and the Great Plains for a time. 2 points QUESTION 20 Which region of the western Indian Ocean was settled by Austronesians sailing from Indonesia? a. Siam b. Sri Lanka c. Madagascar d. Yemen 2 points QUESTION 21 Which of the following most accurately describes current scholarship on the migration of humans into the Americas? a. There is much debate over the number of separate migrations that took place and whether the Clovis peoples were among the migrants. b. There is agreement as to the land route taken, but not the timing of the migration. c. There is much debate over when and how the migration took place. d. There is agreement that the peopling occurred through two separate migrations, but not on the timing of these migrations. 2 points QUESTION 22 Which First Civilization rulers were thought to be the stewards for their city’s patron gods? a. Egyptian pharaohs b. Norte Chico rulers c. Chinese emperors d. Mesopotamian kings 2 points QUESTION 23 Which of the following is true of free commoners in the First Civilizations? a. Becoming a soldier removed you from commoner status and made you an elite. b. It was their work that supported the lifestyles of the upper classes. c. Everywhere, they were aware of how the elites exploited them but accepted it as divinely ordained. d. In some civilizations they were outnumbered by slaves in society. 2 points QUESTION 24 What is the “Old Kingdom”? a. Shang dynasty in China b. Earliest Sumerian state, based on the city of Ur c. Period of Egyptian history between 2663 and 2195 B.C.E. d. Babylonian First Civilization 2 points QUESTION 25 Which of the following statements best reflects the transition from gathering and hunting to agriculture? a. This was a process dominated by men, with little role for women. b. Some gatherers and hunters had developed the ability to actively manage the environment before settling down. c. Humans transitioned rapidly, having to develop from scratch techniques to raise food and technologies to harvest and process crops. d. The transition was disastrous, with most gatherers and hunters lacking any of the skills required to carry on agriculture.
 

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